Camera tripod guide and recommendations

Camera tripod is a photography accessory that sooner or later almost every photographer needs. Whether you're into landscapes, wildlife, studio, macro, or any other photography field, you'll almost certainly need a tripod at some point. There are quite a few important characteristics to consider before you choose a tripod such as weight, size, price, durability, material quality, ease of use and more. During the years I've been photographing, I've had the chance to experiment with quite a few types of tripods and I've compiled the knowledge I've gained in a comprehensive article that will help you choose a tripod that suits you! My recommendations are mainly from the field of landscape and wildlife photography. In other fields there may be slightly different considerations, but I believe this will be beneficial for most photographers.

חצובה מומלצת למצלמה | Tomer Razabi Photography

general use of camera tripod

Camera tripod is a useful accessory in almost any field of photography you can think of. In general, any photo taken with a shutter speed that is too slow for handheld shooting, will need a tripod (or other support) to take a sharp image. Even when the shutter speed is sufficiently fast and does not require the use of a tripod, it can be very effective as it allows for a very precise composition.

חצובות בצילום טיים לאפס | תומר רצאבי

Tripods in variable height and leg angles on which a rail is mounted for motion time lapse photography.

camera tripod - key characteristics and considerations

There isn't one camera tripod that fits everyone and for every use! Just like different photographers have important considerations for the rest of their equipment such as cameras and lenses according to their use and needs. Some photographers need lightweight tripods for long hiking, there are those who need an inexpensive tripod for initial use, and there are those who need a very durable tripod even if it is heavy and expensive. What do you need? Only you will know. Here are some important considerations for choosing a tripod that will suit you:

maximum height

The maximum height of the tripod from which we can shoot. Sometimes it depends on the height of the photographer himself, sometimes on a specific emphasis where we will want or need to photograph at a certain height and a certain angle (above a fence or a certain object). In general, tripods that reach a height of 1.5 meters or more should be sufficient for most photographers.

תומר רצאבי מצלם בשדה בוקר | צילום: עידן פרסר

Shooting with tripods at almost maximum height | Photo courtesy of Idan Presser

minimum height

A consideration that can be very important for landscape photography, macro photography and night photography in which relatively low shooting angles are used in many cases. In some tripods the central pole may limit the minimum shooting height. There are tripods where the central pole can come out and and mount upside down, come out and stand perpendicular to the body of the tripod and some have an option to screw out the lower part of the main pole - all these options can allow shooting from a very low height.

תמונה מתוך סדנת צילומי לילה וכוכבים בחווארי מצדה - תומר רצאבי

Shooting with a low angle tripod. Very common in landscape photography, night photography and macro photography.

folded length

A consideration that can be important for those who want a relatively compact tripod that will fit in a photography bag, or be attached outside the bag and not interfere with walking.

תומר רצאבי מצלם את הנוף מתצפית על קרחון אלץ' בשוויץ

Folded tripod mounted on the side of a photography bag

load capacity

A very important consideration depending on the equipment you plan the tripod hold. If the tripod is unable to support the weight of your equipment, its legs may collapse and become unsteady, or it may fall. If your heaviest equipment weighs 2 kilos, there is no reason to buy a tripod designed to carry 15 kilos. It is recommended that the tripod will be able to carry a little more than the heaviest weight you mount on it.

מסילת תנועה לטיים לאפס על חצובות | תומר רצאבי

self weight

An important consideration for almost every person and for every use. For example, there are photographers who travel and hike with a lot of  heavy gear, so they will prefer a relatively light tripod. In the case of a light tripod, its load capacity should also be taken into account. A light tripod can also sometimes be less stable in rough weather conditions such as wind. In such cases, sometimes there is an option to place a bag or something heavy on a special hook to stabilize it. On the other hand, there are photographers who do not need to carry the tripod for long distances and will have no problem with a relatively heavy tripod that will also be very stable and have the ability to hold heavy gear.

tripod material

A consideration that mainly affects durability, load capacity and weight. Simple tripods are usually made of plastic. They are relatively light, but may break easily and during prolonged use. They are also usually not designed to carry more than a couple of kilograms. Tripods made of metal compounds (aluminum/titanium) or carbon fiber are often very durable. The load capacity is varied and is mainly affected by their size. Their own weight can range from extremely light to heavy depending the model. Tripods made of carbon fiber excel in high strength and durability, relatively light weight (depending on the size) and good load capacity.

חצובה בגובה נמוך בפתיחת רגליים בזוית גדולה | תומר רצאבי

Slik carbon fiber tripod

legs spread and angles

Affects the height range of the camera tripod, the stability and the possibility of placing the tripod in complex terrain. In general, you should prefer a tripod with large angles range and one where each leg can move separately. A large range of angles will allow to place the tripod at minimum and maximum height. Separating the angle of each leg will allow to place the tripod in an uneven ground where we may need one leg with a certain angle/length and another leg with different angle/length.

חצובה עם רגליים הנפתחות בזוויות שונות בזמן צילום טיים לאפס בקניון האדום | תומר רצאבי

Tripods mounted with different leg angles and length

leg joints and diameter

Here we will mainly check the number of joints, the diameter of the legs and the locking type of the joint. A smaller amount of joints usually makes the tripod more stable (but sometimes longer when it is folded) and vice versa. The diameter of the legs mainly affects the strength and stability of the tripod. A leg with smaller diameter will be less stable and may move under heavy weight or under the influence of wind and waves. There are 2 Main lock types for joints - twist lock or flip lock. This is a slightly less essential consideration and mainly a matter of convenience.

חצובה עם מפרקי רגליים בנעילה סיבובית | תומר רצאבי

Twist lock

חצובה עם מפרקי רגליים בנעילת מנוף | תומר רצאבי

Flip lock

tripod head

A consideration almost as important as the body of the tripod itself! There are 2 main types of heads - ball head and pan/tilt head. In both types it is important to check the load capacity , self weight and the type of connector to the camera. Ball heads are very common today and seem to be comfortable for most people, as they allow free movement in all directions. In the high-quality heads, there is independent separation for movement in the rotary horizontal axis (right/left) from the other axes, as well as a coarse and fine locking that allows the exact position of the camera. The main advantage of a pan/tilt head is the ability to separate the movement of all axes, which for example is very convenient in photographing panoramas. The disadvantage of pan/tilt heads is that it is usually larger than a ball head. Similar to the load capacity of the tripod itself, the load capacity of the head is just as important. Here too, it is recommended to choose a load capacity slightly higher than the maximum weight that will be mounted.

camera tripod price

An important consideration for almost everyone. As with most photography equipment you know, here too you will usually get very simple and low quality tripods at low prices, or high quality tripods at high prices. Prices for tripods start from around 50$ and can even reach hundreds of dollars depending on the quality and brand. You may find surprisingly high quality tripods in reasonable price if you research enough. Later in the article I will list some recommendations.

Eventually, to find a tripod that will suit your needs, you need to take these considerations into account and find a balance between what is necessary and what is possible! Sometimes you will find a perfect match and sometimes a relatively good compromise.

צילום זריחה בים המלח עם חצובת Slik בגובה נמוך | תומר רצאבי

camera tripod brands and recommendations

There are quite a few brands in the tripod world and a huge variety of different tripods. I didn't try them all of course, but I got to use quite a few types and also experimented and got to know the tripods of photographers whom I guided on trips, workshops and landscape photography courses that I guide. Well known and leading brands that most of you will see are: Slik, Manfrotto, Gitzo, Really right Stuff, Sirui, Benro, Peak Design, Leofoto, MeFoto and more. I won't go into detail about each brand specifically, but it is important to mention a few specific brands:

  • Slik - My favorite brand and the one I have been using for many years. Slik's tripods excel in high durability (I have tripods that have gone through years of hell in snow, sand, freezing cold, dust and still fully function!), a sophisticated and innovative structure, combined with simplicity of use and relatively very reasonable prices compared to other brands that offer similar products. Slik have a variety of tripods, from compact and lightweight tripods, large massive tripods, aluminum tripods, carbon fiber and a variety of tripod heads.
  • Peak Design - A brand that does not specifically specialize in tripods, but does specialize in high-end photographic accessories, excellent human engineering and innovative and groundbreaking design. Peak Design has an extremely lightweight and compact travel tripod (aluminum or carbon fiber version) with impressive additional characters of a relatively large load capacity and good durability. There is an imitation of this tripod from a Chinese brand called Ulanzi that costs about half as much and doesn't look bad at all (I haven't personally tested it).
  • Manfrotto - This time on the other side of the recommendation, a brand that I quite dislike. Manfrotto is a very well-known and common brand for tripods and they have a very large variety. The main things I encountered in these tripods that were very inefficient are: heads with a very uncomfortable locking of the bracket that connects to the camera, leg joints that fall apart if you turn the lock too much, a central column that does allow low angle height (in some models) and quite high prices relatively to the quality.
  • ArtCise - A Chinese company that manufactures aluminum and carbon fiber tripods as well as high-end tripod heads at relatively low prices compared to the quality levels of leading brands.

my personal recommendations

  • Slik Pro CF-634: Carbon fiber tripod that combines very low weight and excellent stability. Very suitable for hiking due to the low weight and high load capacity. Shooting at minimum and  maximum height is excellent. You can connect different heads as needed. Carbon fiber tripods are obviously more expensive than aluminum/metal tripods. There is another more compact model, with a lower maximum height, the Slik Pro CF-624.
  • Slik Sprint pro - a series of lightweight tripods that are very suitable for trips and hiking. They are very compact and have good minimum and maximum height. They are less suitable for relatively heavy gear (over a kilo and a half). You can connect heads of different types as needed.
  • Slik Pro AL 323/324DX - two tripods which are very similar in their characters (the 324 model is more compact with a slightly lower maximum height). Suitable for slightly heavier equipment that the sprint series. You can easily load equipment of up to 3-4 kilos on them. The are heavier than the Sprint series but still at a relatively reasonable weight for hiking. Shooting from minimum and maximum height is excellent. You can connect heads of different types as needed.
  • Slik Pro 500 - a large and relatively massive tripod. Mainly suitable for carrying heavy gear of more than 4-5 kilos with a suitable head of course. Less suitable for walking because of the relatively heavy weight and the lack of compactness when folded. Shooting from an excellent minimum and maximum height.
  • ArtCise ball heads - a variety of tripod heads with variable load capacity and different self weight. In general, their heads are very high quality and relatively light for the load they are able to carry. Surprisingly low price for the quality
  • Benro gear head - geared tilt/pan tripod head which allows very high and comfortable level of accuracy. It is relatively heavy, large and expensive. Can be suitable for those who do not care about weight and need to take high-quality and accurate panoramic photos.

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